Mardin is a historic city in southeastern Anatolia, Turkey. Located on the top of a hill, the city’s fascinating buildings include beautifully decorated stone carvings cascading from the top of the hill, and it was once an important center of West Asia due to its strategic location and commercial richness.
Mardin was once a very important Christian center. The architectural structures belonging to different eras have reached time with unique architectural integrity. One can find unique Mardin houses; the churches of Kirklár, Mar Mikhail, Berimiz, the Virgin Mary, Mar Yusuf and Mar Bitris; Kasımiye, Zinciriye and Marufiye Clothing; the monasteries of Deyr’ul Zafaran and Deyr’ul Umur; the mosques of Ulu, Çubuk and Molla Hari and the castle are important buildings of this integrity. The population of the province is 705,098 (2000 Census). Dargeçit, Derik, Kiziltepe, Mazidagi, Nyyatbin, Nusaybin, Emery ( Omerli), Savu (Surur) and Yesilli (Yesilli) are outlying areas of Mardin. The Mardin culture has left its mark on the various antique civilizations prevailing in the region. Mardin is rich in history, culture and architecture. Obviously, if mobilized and managed properly, this rich potential is likely to make a great contribution to the development of tourism in the province and the country. Mardin enjoys a privileged position because it allows people to live in the past and show ancient things that are valuable to contemporary people. The deep-rooted culture of various communities further enriches Mardin’s cultural diversity, including Suryani, the oldest Christian community. Who can refuse to see the city of tolerance, where Izan in the mosque and the bells of the church live in brotherly friendship? In recent years, Mardin has become a center for attracting many people from all over the world. It is a candidate for the UNESCO “World Heritage Cities” list. It is very important to submit, protect and transfer cultural wealth to the next generation.
Places to Visit:
The ancient city of Midyat is a museum city like Mardin, about 1.5 hours away from Mardin. Midyat, where the rock mansions, arched gates, and the Süryani church with minarets (like the rising gong) are reminiscent of the medieval city.
Move to 2 kilometers from the city center. Leaving Estel, then slowly leaving the Süryanis area and emigrating abroad. The most beautiful masonry sample, called Telkari, is located in Midyat. Some telkari masters are trying to continue their work in the Midyat bazaar. You should definitely see… This very important province of Mardin is also famous for silver. Important provinces related to the handicraft industry and scenic spots related to tourism are also very attractive.
Deyrulumur Monastery is 18 km away. The east of the province was built in 397 AD (640 AD). Ömer, the Arab Islamic Army cooperated with Süryanis to enter Mesopotamia, especially in order to protect this artwork, Hertz granted privileges. Ömer’s order. The monastery used to have a library. There is also a theological church there, and thousands of students are receiving education. Plant Oak, Bitim, pistachios and unique Russian cucumbers and melons in Midyat. This is where most high-quality grapes are grown in the world.
The province is part of Upper Mesopotamia and was established in the Tuabidine (Turabin) region. Midyat, known as “Matiate”, means the cave city of Asur Tablets in the 9th century BC. Its name may have come from this. Midyat, 1.5 hours away from Mardin, has similar climate characteristics to Mardin. Midyat has very hot and dry summers and rainy and cold winters. It has the characteristics of Mediterranean and terrestrial climates.
Ruins of Dala city. This ancient city is located 30 kilometers away. Far from the village of Oğuz in the southeast of Mardin Province. This city is the most famous city in ancient Mesopotamia. The ruins of the city of Dara are spread over vast areas, possibly as long as 8-10 kilometers. There are also houses carved on rocks and built in caves. Churches, palaces, markets and storage yards, dungeons and dams are still visible in the ruins of the city. There are 6-7 cave houses around the village. The history of the cave can be traced back to the late Roman (early Byzantine) period.
Mardin Castle: This castle was built by the Hamdani people between 975 and 976 AD. There is a mosque, bathroom, dungeon and many warehouses in the castle.
Dara Castle: The castle is 30 kilometers away. Far from Mardin Province. This castle was built by the monarch of Iran. Cevat Paşa Mosque (Cevat Paşa Mosque) was built in 1915. It has a tick wall, and the type is a mosque with a courtyard. There is a small dome in the middle of the mosque. Its minaret is composed of Midyat rock and is cylindrical. It has two minaret balconies and is decorated with vegetables and geometric shapes.
Ulu Mosque. The three sides of the niche, built in 1800, are decorated with vegetable decorations. Its minaret has a single minaret balcony. The construction date of H. Abdurrahman Mosque is 1915 (H.1331). The mosque has a minaret. The minaret has only one balcony. The Monasterıes Deyr-Ul Umur monastery, also known as Mar Gabriel, was built on a hill with its foundation at 379 near Midyat. There are temples in the monastery called Meryamana, Resüller, KırkŞehit, MarŞumuel, MarŞmun, and the priest’s accommodation And places of worship, tombs and cemeteries. Mar Gabriel is also used as a Bishop center by Süryani Church. Mar Gabrıel Monastery (Deyrul Umur) is also the center of the metropolis in Turabidine, about 22 kilometers. 2 km from Midyat. A low hill in the northern part of Yayvan Bay, built by Mar Samuel in 397. In this monastery, it is one of the oldest and active Christian monasteries. The churches of Meryem Ana, KırkŞehitler, Kartminli Smuel and Thedora dome arches with 8 domes and Mısırlılar domes exist.
Mort Smuni Church is an old church built in the 10th century. It is also used as a metropolitan center. The exchange of greetings by Byram took place in this church. The foundation of Mor Barsavmo Church was built in the 4th century. It is rebuilt on this basis.
Mor Aksanoya Church is the oldest church in the center of the province. It was built on the temple of idolaters in the 4th century AD. This church benefited from the restoration of the old site in 1961 and is located in the southeast of the province. Mor Sarbel Church in the center of the province is one of the most impressive churches.
The Protestant church was built in the early 1900s. Church of Meryem Ana (Virgin Mary). This old church has no fort and belongs to Catholics.
Mor Abraham Church was founded in the Vth century by two monks from Mar Gabriel. The central cemetery of Midyat Christians is here. There is a dome of Meryem Ana in this monastery.
The Meryem Ana church in Anıtlı village (in Anıtlı village) has rare architectural features that cannot be seen today. Ha Cathedral (Mar Sobo Church). The ruins of the cathedral dedicated to Mar Sobo in the 6th century are important historical works of art. Harbin Ruins. There is no written information about the ruins between Anıtlı and Karagöl, they have signs of great civilization.